AZTEC! Wonder where this prints originated from?  
The Aztec Empire was built in the areas around the Gulf of Mexico, with their capital city, Tenochtitlan, seated on the western side of Lake Texcoco.  Their empire was established in about 1325 by native tribes from the north. The Aztecs are known for their warlike nature and their brutal human sacrifices. These two go hand in hand because when the Aztecs were fighting their various foes, they would capture their enemies and use them in their religious human sacrifices. Their sacrifices and warlike tendencies are important because when their civilization was conquered by the Spaniards, the Aztecs’ religion was considered barbaric and they were not allowed to continue their traditional ways. The Aztecs had very advanced art, economic system, and social structure.
Aztecs Politics
Theocracy led by divine king/Priest
 Military – nearly constant brutal wars for conquest, collect tribute, captives for slaves and sacrifice
Aztecs Economics
Agriculturally based
merchants are limited by what they can carry since they don’t have large pack animals
Chinampas – huge floating islands for agriculture
The great market – daily trade in the merchant section of large cities
Aztecs Religion
Polytheistic
Many Temples based on astronomy for worship, agricultural planning and sacrifice
Each holiday included ceremonies involving human sacrifice/cannibalism
Fatalistic and cyclical view of the world
Aztecs Social
Large gap between upper/lower classes
Role of Women – decide fate of prisoners, domestic chores (grinding maize), can inherit land
Common people in constant fear of war/sacrifice/slavery
Aztecs Intellectual
calendar, numbers and pictorial writing similar but not identical to Maya
Capital built on an island required great planning and coordination
Aztecs Art
Temples
Gold objects
Sculpture
Skull racks

AZTEC! Wonder where this prints originated from?  

The Aztec Empire was built in the areas around the Gulf of Mexico, with their capital city, Tenochtitlan, seated on the western side of Lake Texcoco.  Their empire was established in about 1325 by native tribes from the north. The Aztecs are known for their warlike nature and their brutal human sacrifices. These two go hand in hand because when the Aztecs were fighting their various foes, they would capture their enemies and use them in their religious human sacrifices. Their sacrifices and warlike tendencies are important because when their civilization was conquered by the Spaniards, the Aztecs’ religion was considered barbaric and they were not allowed to continue their traditional ways. The Aztecs had very advanced art, economic system, and social structure.

Aztecs Politics

  • Theocracy led by divine king/Priest
  •  Military – nearly constant brutal wars for conquest, collect tribute, captives for slaves and sacrifice

Aztecs Economics

  • Agriculturally based
  • merchants are limited by what they can carry since they don’t have large pack animals
  • Chinampas – huge floating islands for agriculture
  • The great market – daily trade in the merchant section of large cities

Aztecs Religion

  • Polytheistic
  • Many Temples based on astronomy for worship, agricultural planning and sacrifice
  • Each holiday included ceremonies involving human sacrifice/cannibalism
  • Fatalistic and cyclical view of the world

Aztecs Social

  • Large gap between upper/lower classes
  • Role of Women – decide fate of prisoners, domestic chores (grinding maize), can inherit land
  • Common people in constant fear of war/sacrifice/slavery

Aztecs Intellectual

  • calendar, numbers and pictorial writing similar but not identical to Maya
  • Capital built on an island required great planning and coordination

Aztecs Art

  • Temples
  • Gold objects
  • Sculpture
  • Skull racks

Notes

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